The UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer) was delivered to the Census Bureau in 1951. It weighed some 16,000 pounds, used 5,000 vacuum tubes, and could perform about 1,000 calculations per second. It was the first American commercial computer, as well as the first computer designed for business use. The first UNIVAC for business applications was installed at the General Electric Appliance Division, to do payroll, in 1954. By 1957 Remington-Rand (which had purchased the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation in 1950) had sold forty-six machines.
Articles on KurzweilAI.net that refer to UNIVACThe Age Intelligent Machines, Chapter Six: Electronic Roots By Ray Kurzweil
The Age of Spiritual Machines: Timeline By Ray Kurzweil
The Age of Intelligent Machines: Chronology By Ray Kurzweil
The Rights of Robots: Technology, Culture and Law in the 21st Century By Sohail Inayatullah and
AI and Sci-Fi: My, Oh, My! By Robert J. Sawyer
From ENIAC to Everyone By Alexander Randall 5th