Known chiefly through his dialogues with his student Plato, Socrates (469-399 b.c.) defined a dialectic method of question and answer as a means of obtaining knowledge through opposing views. Generally, Socrates' most famous philosophical ideas were the necessity of doing what one thinks is right even in the face of universal opposition, and the need to pursue knowledge even when opposed.

Articles on that refer to Socrates

The Age of Intelligent Machines: A Platonic Dialog on the Nature of Human Thought By Ray Kurzweil
The Age of Intelligent Machines, Chapter Two: Philosophical Roots By Ray Kurzweil
The Age of Intelligent Machines: Chronology By Ray Kurzweil
Kurzweil vs. Dertouzos By Ray Kurzweil and Michael L. Dertouzos
The Age of Spiritual Machines: Timeline By Ray Kurzweil
Millennium 3000 Scenarios By Theodore J. Gordon and Jerome C. Glenn
The Age of Virtuous Machines By J. Storrs Hall

Related Links

Last Days of Socrates