A concept employed in pattern recognition, such as automated speech or optical character recognition, that reduces speech or characters into smaller segments (in speech, phonemes or basic sounds).

Articles on that refer to Segmentation

The Age of Intelligent Machines, Chapter Seven: The Moving Frontier By Ray Kurzweil
The Age of Intelligent Machines: Footnotes By Ray Kurzweil

News Articles that refer to Segmentation

Emerging field shifts perceptions of human, machine limits
How the brain extracts meaning