A program resolving a string of characters representing, for example, an English sentence or a computer-language statement, into its elemental parts or parts of speech as determined by the particular language.

Articles on that refer to Parser

When Will HAL Understand What We Are Saying? Computer Speech Recognition and Understanding By Ray Kurzweil
The Age of Intelligent Machines: Can Machines Think? By Daniel Dennett
The Age of Intelligent Machines, Chapter Eight: The Search for Knowledge By Ray Kurzweil

News Articles that refer to Parser

'Conflict index' warns when a nation faces civil war