The design and manufacturing of products and other objects based on the manipulation of atoms and molecules. The building of machines atom by atom. "Nano" refers to a billionth of a meter, which is the width of five carbon atoms.
Articles on KurzweilAI.net that refer to NanoengineeringThe Age of Spiritual Machines: Glossary By Ray Kurzweil
Say Ah By Robert A. Freitas Jr.
Chapter Nine: 2009 By Ray Kurzweil
Beating Moore's 2nd Law: Advances in Nanoengineering and New Approaches to Computing at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the AAAS By and
Molecular Manufacturing: Too Dangerous to Allow? By Robert A. Freitas Jr.