Jack Kilby headed teams that built both the first military computer system and the first computer incorporating integrated circuits. He later co-invented both the hand-held calculator and the thermal printer that was used in portable data terminals. He recently won the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics for inventing the first integrated circuit.
Articles on KurzweilAI.net that refer to Kilby, JackThe Age of Spiritual Machines: Timeline By Ray Kurzweil
The Age of Intelligent Machines: Chronology By Ray Kurzweil